Marzano’s Optimizer

mzi-wxixtpcm-175x175-75“Optimizer responsibility is the positive, inspirational emotion that leaders bring, especially when confronted with meaningful change (Marzano).” We all know that change is inevitable, just as well that we know how difficult change is to accept – indeed, one of the most foundations of humanistic contrasts. Regardless, as leaders, encouragement to embrace, perhaps even search out change (and subsequent failed events) can be a powerful approach. If possible, selling the concept of change-same2change can be more palatable when presented in parallel with efficiency models. Everyone wants to save time, even when we know that the chances are we will quickly fill up our every waking minute.

One potential change agent aligns well with the type of work that we do everyday as teachers. The ability to be able to capture our voice and movement can be accomplished with an application called Screencasting. Screencasting allows you – and/or your students – to write or draw on a device and talk about what you are doing. This could be a conceptual lesson, or a student sharing how they are currently able to apply concepts. The outcome is an mp4 audio file, which can be reviewed, reflected, shared and ideally both teacher and student (and/or parent) used to monitor misconceptions, level of understanding and skill sets.Explain everything

There are several companies who offer screencasting apps at low costs, which include ExplainEverything (creates an mp4 file); Show Me (specific audio file on their website), and screen-cast-o-matic.


Marzano’s Monitoring and Evaluating

127-seo-monitoring-iconMarzano states that “specific feedback is critical to teacher success, therefore subsequent student success.” The ever-pursuit of quality in everything we do is highly sought and it is well known that it requires substantial amount of time. Assessing behaviors of ourselves, our educators and learners is essential, and somehow we need to find the time and methods to monitor, evaluate and provide useful feedback as often and critical as possible. Technology can assist in our pursuits in offering more efficient methods to gather data, especially meaningful qualitative data, which can be difficult to measure. To be able to fully monitor our outcomes, we need rich, humanistic data gathered on how educators interact with learners. More than student evaluations or administrators standardized classroom observations, the ability to allow peer-review-groupeducators to create media-rich e-Portfolios, which can be shared and peer reviewed for the educator to further reflect upon and continuously improve upon.

Examples of applications, which can help us gather and share our instructional activity include:

  • Explain Everything screencasting to create active presentations, which can be shown in class, and/or at home;
  • Google Drive for storing, sharing, editing and presenting our efforts;
  • Edmodo can facilitate communication between teachers, as well as hold discussions about teaching and learning;
  • Nearpod allows teachers to engage, create and assess their own unique approach;
  • Class Dojo, allows teachers to monitor and give feedback instantly; and
  • Duolingo is one of the best apps for those of us who wish to add another language. Socialmediabandwagon

Of course, we can always use a variety of Blogs, Wikis, Twitter, Social Networking, Websites, etc. to capture, share and gain feedback from our colleagues.

Marzano’s Intellectual Stimulation (Research & Reference Tools)

neurons-firing-tdcs-1Intellectual stimulation is an exciting concept, which most, if not all of us as educators have eagerly engaged in the past, however, we may find it increasingly difficult to maintain regular interaction with applied research on teaching and learning. Marzano defines this as “learning about learning and inspiring the organization to grow, which allow educators to experiment and implement new effective instructional strategies.” I would predict that most of us recall times in our lives, when we were able to engage in exciting conversations about teaching and learning, especially aligned with direct interaction with our students. I have observed many of these moments of ‘saving the world’ when teaching large Introduction to Education courses for preservice teachers. A combination of reality, over-worked, politics, red-tape handbureaucracy, etc., etc., etc. can quickly help us forget why we selected education as our passion and quest. We certainly do not have all of the answers, however one way to remind ourselves of our passion is to find ways to talk about the art and science of teaching and learning with our colleagues.

To help, there are many Research and Reference Tools that we can incorporate into our PLN. These tools range from ways to organize and share to connecting resources and thoughts with colleagues. Some useful and free tools include:

BONUS Professional Network Sites for Intellectual Stimulation include www.researchgate.net,
http://www.bibsonomy.org and

Marzano’s Ideas/Beliefs (Digital Citizenship & Leadership)

Marzano states that it is the Instructional Leaders beliefs that shape the culture of the campus and creates (or not ) belief-red-blue-pillsfollowership. Leadership beliefs are derived from many sources. Through their educational experience, work experience and personal experience. Finding a way to capture all of these experiences and developing the tools to share them when appropriate may be the challenge. There is a great TED video on how to create a movement by Derek Sivers. In this video, he shares a video of a movement taking place as he analyzes and narrates. The example may seem odd at first, however, when it is broken down into component parts, I believe that most of us can translate this experience into our leadership goals. We all want to see a movement of ideas, especially if they are embraced in the way in which the video portrays.
So, the question is, “will you be a lone nut?”445522274_640

One relatively recent movement is on creating digital citizens. Integrating appropriate, relevant and meaningful (ARM) instructional technology into teaching and learning is, of course, on-going and important. However, what is the ARM outcome of using technology? Ideally usability is one outcome, as well as creating digitally literate citizens with significant and appropriate digital footprints. Creating thousands of text messages or Facebook posts may create the illusion of a digital footprint, however, it may not functionally demonstrate the outcomes and abilities of our learners. In addition to these approaches to technology, 1009461_682296641783711_1680170072_oalong with gaming and other personal uses of technology, we should be integrating technology which enhances productivity, access, business acumen and perhaps even coding. There are several resources, which can assist with this approach, which include:

Marzano’s Flexibility (Differentiated Instruction & Online Learning)

yoga-ss-tight-1I have had the good fortune to teach in several countries. Throughout each of these adventures, I have found more similarities than differences in how we teach and learn. Three ubiquitous attributes of success in particular found included the ability to be flexible, adaptable and tolerate (or FAT). Marzano defines flexibility as “realizing or creating chaos and then adjusting (or adapting) to it”. Flexibility may sound easy at first, however, educators have many events, people and situations that require their flexibility, often at the same time and even more often one resolution may hinder the resolution of another. In these cases, a triage priority is needed, with a clear plan to support the situation which may not have perceived their value.

Two major ways, which we can increase our flexibility that align to 21st Century teaching is to offer differentiated instruction and online shutterstock_102870209-online-learninglearning- often these can be accomplished simultaneously. Capitalizing on appropriate, meaningful and relevant (ARM) instructional technology is critical when addressing these attributes both in efficiency and building sustainable behaviors for 21st Century learners and leaders. Examples of such technology include Podcasts, Virtual Fieldtrips, Worlds and Manipulatives, Wikis, Second-Life-Logoand Digital Storytelling. Specific helpful websites include The Elements: A Visual Exploration, Science 360, Frog Dissection, Wolfram Alpha. Online learning can provide anytime, anywhere, any topic flexibility, especially with the relatively new Massive Open Onlinemooc_logo Courses (MOOCs). Top Tier university programs such as Stanford’s Coursera and MIT EdX now offer their curriculum and courses free to hundreds of thousands of learners about the world. The courses are free and now there are hundreds of offerings for every topic.

Marzano’s Culture (Personal Learning Network)

Perhaps one of the most critical attributes for 21st learning and leading is an Institutional culture, or the shared values, beliefs ob_06cd7f_blog-bg-imageo2tijscultureand feelings of a learning community. We can have the best teachers, learners, curriculum, infrastructure and more, but without a clear alignment of what we all believe is important, and therefore make a priority, we may be less than successful. Generally, we all agree on student-centeredness, hands-on, learn by doing and other catch-phrases, but more importantly, has the institution identified ways to bring these attributes alive and encourage ownership. Empowering everyone in the community to feel like they are both part of the system and part of the solution can increase both student achievement as well as the intangible benefits of belonging, which sustains a community beyond graduation.
One way to build a healthy culture is through meaningful and relevant professional development (PD) opportunities, especially in the form of longitudinal professional/personal learning networks web-2-tools-300x220(PLN). Historically, PLNs were created within department and/or schools to share and connect educators with updated best practice teaching methods and perhaps action research. Today, there are many more ways to connect through the use of technology. There are social networks, such as Facebook, which can be integrated into a PLN; Twitter, microblogging, which educators can share and/or connect to world leaders in their specific discipline and simply follow or engage in sustained dialogue; YouTube video’s to either passively learn and/or create and share your own best practices; Skype for synchronous webinars or broadcasting your departmental ideas; and Diigo for curation of material. Educational Technology and Mobile Learning has a great summary of how to integrate technology into your PLN on their website at

Marzano’s Contingent Rewards (Assessment/Evaluation)

executive compensation static showcase_cec3a334eb44791c2dca12534db944e1Contingent Rewards, or “swapping rewards for performance”, first requires accurate, appropriate assessment – or the gathering of behavioral data. Today’s instructional leader should appreciate formative and summative assessment in and beyond the classroom to support teacher growth and an increase student achievement. It is important that teachers understand formative (to form an understanding of what a student knows and use that to determine instructional needs) assessment is not for grading – it is for learning. Summative assessments are useful to determine what learning has taken place after instruction. Philosophically, if a summative assessment indicated that little or no learning took place, that should become a formative and new learning opportunities should be provided to assist in student mastery. Therefore, quality instruction includes both formative and summative assessment at the appropriate time and frequency.

Examples of resources which can assist in creating formative assessments, include Poll Everywhere (allows students to ETLL Poll_Everywhere Logoanonymously share their responses, which are then aggregated and displayed as a chart so educators can quickly determine percentage of students who responded correctly); Explain Everything screencast (allow students to record their voice and digital movements as they solve problems, producing an MP4 video file, which teachers can review); Coggle (mind mapping tool); ForAllRubrics (allows teachers to create and score rubrics on mobile device); and Wordle (allows students to represent their understanding through word frequency visuals).